Conservative Dentistry and Aesthetics Dentistry
Conservative treatment in dentistry starts with the dentist’s efforts to prevent the formation of decay and extends over to treat the decay before its further progress or repair the missing teeth tissue by clearing decay. The cavity, formed as a result of the cleaning of the decay is closed with artificial filling materials and the former anatomic form of the teeth is tried to be obtained.
Various materials are used for filling. The filling materials, used nowadays, are a follows; amalgam, composite materials (aesthetics or beamed filling) and porcelain. Nowadays, while the amalgam fillings’ (silver content and silver) utilization is decreasing, the utilization of the natural tooth colored composite and porcelain fillings is increasing.
Selection of Filling Materials
Each filling material has specific advantageous and disadvantageous, selection of the filling material suitable for the case is an issue to which the dentist pays attention; using composite fillings in every case, because it is aesthetics, is a wrong approach. Amalgam is still the most harmless, longest-lasting and cheapest filling material. They can be easily applied in a shorter time compared to the other filling materials. The filling materials such as the ceramic-based onleys or inleys, porcelain crowns, gold and aesthetics (composite) fillings are both more expensive and require more treatment séances. In the cases in which the salivary isolation is made impossible during the filling application, the amalgam fillings are preferred. Amalgam is appeared as the first choice in the patients having the habit of grinding of the teeth, patients with mental and physical disabilities and the fillings of the back teeth. Amalgam fillings are not applied the anterior teeth because they have an aesthetics appearance. Besides this, the amalgam filling should not be applied in the patients who are allergic to the mercury; this is a probability lower than one percent.