Orthodonty is the main science dealing with the diagnosis and treatment of aesthetic and functional disorders of the teeth, jaw and mouth structures. Orthodontic disorders may be due to impaired alignment of the teeth on the jaws, as well as the mismatch between the jaws. The situation that occurs as a result of impaired alignment of the teeth on the jaws is characterized as perplexity or lack - of space. Distortions cause aesthetic problems and make oral hygiene difficult. In cases where oral hygiene is not provided adequately, an increase in caries and gum diseases is observed, this adverse situation causes consequences leading to tooth loss. In addition, orthodontic disorders prepare the ground for muscle and joint problems since an ideal jaw closure cannot be achieved. Incompatibilities between the jaws are skeletal problems, disorders caused by abnormal skeletal development of one or both jaw bones. Treatment of operational problems is based on directing growth and development with the help of various orthodontic appliances, so early treatment is required. Treatment opportunities are reduced in individuals who have completed their growth and development. 

What are the Symptoms of Orthodontic Disorders?

  • Deviousness, incorrectly positioned or unworn teeth
  • Jaw positioned too far or behind
  • Cheek bite and lip bite
  • Front positioned teeth
  • Upper and lower teeth not touching or abnormally closing
  • Unsymmetrical face appearance 

Today, although satisfactory results are obtained in patients of all ages, some cases can only be treated as a result of surgical procedure. As with all kinds of diseases, early diagnosis is important in orthodontic disorders, as a result of simple applications that can be done at an early age, the need for long-term treatments or surgical applications is reduced in the future. For this reason, it is recommended that children start regular dental check-up from the mixed dentition period (7-8 years).

Since orthodontic treatment is a long-term treatment in general, the patient and physician relationship comes to the fore.