What is a prosthesis?
These are artificial teeth made to compensate for lost teeth for various reasons or to eliminate aesthetic problems. It takes names such as veneers or dentures among the public. The purpose of the prosthesis is to restore the patient's lost function and aesthetics.
In cases such as complete toothlessness or numerous tooth deficiencies, treatment can be provided with removable dentures. Removable dentures are those that the patient can remove and install. Crown-bridge applications, which are described as coating, are used in the treatment of a limited number of tooth deficiencies and are fixed prostheses; cannot be removed by the patient.
Today, removable prostheses are made of completely acrylic material or metal supported acrylic material.In the production of fixed prosthesis, Metal supported porcelains, porcelain reinforced with Zircon alloys and metal supported porcelains obtained by Laser Sinterization method are used.
Removable prostheses used in cases of complete toothlessness are called Full Prosthesis, while removable prostheses used in partial tooth deficiencies are called Removable Partial Dentures. Retaining clips that cause aesthetic problems in partial dentures can be eliminated with the use of sensitive holders.
Metal Supported Porcelain Fixed Denture Applications
They are prostheses with metal alloys under the porcelain material to provide the required durability. Depending on the case, metal alloys are chrome-cobalt or chrome-nickel welded..While the metal visibility cannot be prevented completely, in some cases, it causes aesthetic problems; nickel content may cause allergic reactions in some patients.
Zircon Supported Porcelain Fixed Denture Applications
In this type of prosthesis, Zircon infrastructure materials in tooth color are used instead of metal infrastructure. The advantages of zircon alloys include excellent aesthetics, mechanical properties similar to dental tissue, non-coloration and texture-friendly.
Metal Supported Porcelain Fixed Prosthesis Applications Obtained by Laser Sintering Method
Laser Sintering method, which is a current computer-aided system, is a powerful alternative to the production of traditional Metal-supported porcelain prostheses.This method eliminates micro and macro incompatibilities in metal infrastructures obtained by traditional casting method and increases the connection of the porcelain layer with the metal, thus long-lasting and durable Metal Supported Porcelain Prostheses are produced.
Laminate Veneer Prosthetics
They are porcelain coatings applied to the front surfaces of the teeth in a thin layer in the treatment of anterior teeth with aesthetic problem. Laminate Veneers, also called leaf porcelain, require minimum tooth tissue removal, so it is unlikely to damage teeth. They provide high aesthetics because they have a very thin structure and do not contain metal alloys.